Every day thousands of people of all ages are admitted to hospitals because of the malfunction of some vital organ. Because of a dearth of transplantable organs, many of these people will die. In perhaps the most dramatic example, the American Heart Association reports only 2,300 of the 40,000 Americans who needed a new heart in 1997 got one. Lifesaving livers and kidneys likewise are scarce, as is skin for burn victims and others with wounds that fail to heal. It can sometimes be easier to repair a damaged automobile than the vehicle's driver because the former may be rebuilt using spare parts, a luxury that human beings simply have not enjoyed.

The ever-growing demand for donor organs to meet the needs of individuals on waiting lists will likely never be met. While roughly 100,000 people have transplants in the United States, more than 10 million have implants. There are 20,000 transplants annually, but 2 million implants. In short, the need for organs cannot be met by traditional methods of transplantation. Stem Cells Technology may change that. Stem cells are 'master cells' present in most living creatures. These cells have the unique abilities to divide and to transform themselves into other types of cells. These properties make stem cells an important part of the normal growth and repair processes of the body.

Storing stem has the potential to broaden future cellular therapeutic application. Banked stem cells are very promising approaches and are very useful to treat different diseases when needed.